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IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation)

IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation)

IVF (Test Tube Baby) is a type of assisted reproductive technique used for infertility treatment, surrogacy, and, in combination with pre-implantation genetic testing, avoiding transmission of genetic conditions. It is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm in vitro (“in a test tube”).

The process involves monitoring and stimulating an individual’s ovary, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from their ovaries, and letting sperm fertilise them in a culture medium in a laboratory. After the egg is fertilised, the embryo (baby formed) is grown in our state-of-the-art laboratory for 2-6 days. After it is grown in the laboratory, it is transferred by a thin plastic tube (catheter) into the uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.

It is estimated that eight million children had been born worldwide using IVF and other assisted reproduction techniques.

IVF Process

IVF involves several steps — ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, sperm retrieval, fertilization, and embryo transfer. One cycle of IVF can take about two to three weeks. More than one cycle may be needed.


About 14 after embryo transfer, your doctor will test a sample of your blood to detect whether you’re pregnant.


  • If you’re pregnant, we will handle the pregnancy till delivery.
  • If you’re not pregnant, you’ll stop taking progesterone and likely get your period within a week. If you don’t get your period or you have unusual bleeding, contact your doctor. If you’re interested in attempting another cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF), your doctor might suggest steps you can take to improve your chances of getting pregnant through IVF.

The chances of giving birth to a healthy baby after using IVF depend on various factors, including:


  • Maternal age: The younger you are, the more likely you are to get pregnant and give birth to a healthy baby using your own eggs during IVF. Women age 40 and older are often counselled to consider using donor eggs (only if the ovarian reserve is poor) during IVF to increase the chances of success.
  • Embryo status: Transfer of embryos that are more developed is associated with higher pregnancy rates compared with less-developed embryos (day two or three). However, not all embryos survive the development process. Talk with your doctor or other care providers about your specific situation.
  • Reproductive history: Women who’ve previously given birth are more likely to be able to get pregnant using IVF than are women who’ve never given birth. Success rates are lower for women who’ve previously used IVF multiple times but didn’t get pregnant.
  • Cause of infertility: Having a normal supply of eggs increases your chances of being able to get pregnant using IVF. Women who have severe endometriosis are less likely to be able to get pregnant using IVF than are women who have unexplained infertility.
  • Lifestyle factors: Women who smoke typically have fewer eggs retrieved during IVF and may miscarry more often. Smoking can lower a woman’s chance of success using IVF by 50%. Obesity can decrease your chances of getting pregnant and having a baby. Use of alcohol, recreational drugs, excessive caffeine, and certain medications also can be harmful.

Talk with your doctor about any factors that apply to you and how they may affect your chances of a successful pregnancy.